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Georgia

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, from one of the richest Soviet republics, Georgia turned into a failed state. The systemic transformation in Georgia did not run as smoothly as in the other former Soviet republics.

 

PCPM in Georgia

The first years of independence were marked by the civil war and two separatist conflicts in Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

The presidency of Eduard Shevardnadze (1992-2003) was a period of stagnation in the internal politics and a deep economic crisis. Governmental decrepitude, rule of gangs, anarchy, corruption, unemployment, poverty, and hunger did not help the development of the country. In that period – for the first time in the history of the country – Georgians started migrating in masses for work.

The proper systemic transformation was launched only in 2004, after the Rose Revolution that forced the discredited president to step down from power. Only then the gradual reforms of consecutive ministries took place.

Due to its environmental conditions, the country is regularly afflicted with natural disasters (floods, landslides, earthquakes, hurricanes, wild fires). More often than not, because of those natural calamities, people of Georgia are forced to relocate to other safer regions of the country. Traffic accidents also take a toll and pose a great danger to the population.

Despite all those factors, due to the deficiencies in many sectors of the country’s functioning, until recently there was no emergency management system in Georgia. Similar shortcomings are observed in the healthcare system, what translates into the lack of coordination and underinvestment of rescue services and rescue training institutions. Shortfalls in the knowledge as well as equipment deficiencies make the actions undertaken by life-saving services ineffective and inefficient.

In spite of the reform of 2010 that commanded the creation of regional rescue services and obliged local governments to prepare emergency management plans, the state of rescue services leaves a lot to be desired.

Thanks to the support of the Polish Aid Program of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Poland, the Polish Center for International Aid has been running aid programs in Georgia since 2010. Our projects have been conducted in the most vulnerable and underinvestment regions of Guria and Samtskhe-Javakheti.

Activities

  • helping stimulate reforms concerning emergency management at the central and local government level
  • strengthening competencies of rescue services (trainings, study visits to Poland for ambulance service doctors and firefighters)
  • helping to improve the quality and quantity of the equipment of local services (so far PCPM has presented Georgian local services with an ambulance, defibrillators, long spine boards, laryngoscopes, bag valve masks, hydraulic cutters)
  • working with local community to improve their involvement in reacting to emergency situations